• Ankita Dhal

Space Elicits Action: Architectural Office Spaces and Team Organizations - #Analysis05

Plan of Dar & Wagh office. All rights reserved. Dar & Wagh.

The first year of this studio was conducted in the pre-covid times, focusing on offices in Ahmedabad. This allowed the students to visit the offices’, further conducting the interview’s in the office spaces itself. This privilege of visiting the workspace of the practices and observing live was not possible this year in the second term of the studio. However, the online studio format allowed us to expand the reach of our interviews and research across the country with various Tier 1 and Tier 2 cities.

This meant finding new ways of entering the practices’ workspaces through zoom video call walkthroughs, pre-recorded videos of the office, albums of photographs (old and new) or sometimes simply drawings for the ones that were working entirely from home. This unexpected way of documentation led us to analyzing and recording data in multiple ways.

Another key aspect of our study was to understand the realities of being individual in the act of design versus the aspiration of having a collective way of designing. Often the truth about the nature of practice - individual or collective, is seen in the way the office space gets structured. How furniture is placed, the cubicles, eating and leisure spaces, the culture of work and daily routines, all of these tell us more about the design process and level of collaboration in each office, than the espoused theories of architects themselves.

In this blog post, I will be taking you through each office’s work space in different formats, making connections with their team organization, geographical location and the nature of their practice.

Before we begin, let me briefly explain the recurring team organization typologies:

1. Pyramidal (Vertical distribution of power): 13/18 offices had this organizational structure i.e. 72.2%

2. Horizontal (Hierarchies are flatter, more democratic)

3. Non-Linear (Unique, haphazard and mixed distribution of power)

5/18 had either a horizontal or non-linear organizational structure i.e. 27.7%

I’ll cover offices based on the cities they were located in.

Offices located in Tier 2:

Studio Matter

“The Studio is situated in Goa in The Blue House, on Monte Villa Road. It is a small space that houses both STUDIOMATTER and THINKMATTER. The team comprises 12 members, where the principal architects, associates, architects, and interns all share the same space. The space is jam-packed with books, documents, walls are filled with drawings and tag boards. It's like living together in a house. The meetings happen commonly, conversations are overheard and transparency that helps in collaborations pervades. “ - Gazal Nanwani, Student at CEPT.

Interview with Studio Matter

Virtual visit at Studio Matter

“ The paraphernalia of the active mind, a constant state of entropy, if it’s not chaotic then the mind is not active enough, not to say the latter is a bad thing etc., I have marginally more control, like I have little more real estate and control over the ac remote. There’s a library too, there’s less space, we plan to move to a bigger one soon, but there’s also publication work so it’s a lot of overwhelming amount of printing, we are also very tactile, so we like to print and build, hence it’s messy. We tend to not encourage working 24x7, you will find us reading, taking a break or writing in between a work day. “– Ruturaj Parikh (Partner, Co-Founder Studio Matter)

Plan of Studio Matter Office made by Gazal Nanwani

Yanapada Architects

“We moved from place to place. First we wanted to be in the city, but that has certain demands and noise, so we moved to an aloof place, but soon we got bored of each other’s faces because there was nothing around, so we moved to a residential area which is quiet. We have constantly been thinking - what should an office space be like? Should it be a singular entity space or a scatter? We realized small places of scatter worked for us. A lot of people who work for us come from far away, so we try to organize accommodation for them nearby. We also have certain places fixed in the area where go to meet someone during or after office hours. So there are certain connections that developed overtime in this neighborhood, up to 4-5 streets. We always think it would be so great if the office was also like that.” – Sivith Kumar (Partner, Founder Yanapada Architects)

We had some interesting discussions with Sivith during the virtual walkthrough. Here we see a combination of photographs and a drafted plan which served as the walkthrough.

Plan and photographs of Yanapada Architect's Office. Credit to the office.

In the plan and the photographs, the main working space i.e. the studio, is in the center of the apartment. There are no segregated work desks, instead a long communal table in the middle of the room which serves as work and dining table.

This is interesting because such a layout is often associated with an old school way of working i.e. with physical drawings and models that demands people to sit together with large space around to keep stationery and materials. However their office uses laptops like most architecture firms nowadays. We wanted to see if there was any intentional thought given to this layout –

Sivith: A table allows for sharing of resources and interaction, a laptop provides everything, except maybe a conversation? All other materials of shared use are available on the laptop. How does one make an office space where we work with computers but have that sense of sharing and communication, we have sketches of how it can work like side tables with laptops next to a large communal table? We have people who choose to exile into the smaller room and re-join us after a few days or weeks, things like that do happen.

Kashi: The laptop leaves no trace, but a desktop makes you always face the wall, many offices have moved to laptops but not changed the configuration, they still faced the wall, but in your office and its central space people are facing each other so I see that it has been changed.

So the separate model making space is for dust and material or was the room available and thus it became a model making room?

Sivith: We had the room available, we also realized the ones making it prefer to work on the ground so they can make bigger models, same can happen in my room also, that room has a balcony where things can be left out to dry.

Kashi: so there is a space called principle architect’s cabin, do you work there or in the central studio space?

Sivith: Usually in the central space, but when I’m preparing for a lecture etc. I go in because the desktop has all our archives.

Kashi: So how do you look at the principle architects cabin?

Sivith: Frankly I don’t think it’s important, the meeting room is more important as it keeps meetings separate for the office processes, so we do need an “other space” , when you look at the plan, the principle architects room is nothing but a transition to the male toilet room, otherwise it has no other significance (laughs).

Virtual Visit with Yanapada Architects

While studio matter works in an independent house, Yanapada works on one floor (apartment) of a building. Yanapada’s layout works well for a team their size and both these practices don’t segregate any exclusive space for the partners. It’s interesting how when an office drafts a plan it may choose to still label a space as a principle architects room, even though in everyday practice and routines the room merely acts as an extra space.

BPS Architects

“Our office is a residential studio at Rajkot. While designing the studio, we already had an idea of the kind of comfort level we wanted to achieve in a professional environment. It was decided that there would be individual workspaces, giving us each a space for personal expression. The studio space, on the other hand, is kept away from the common workspace without any kind of surveillance. In this manner, everyone has their own work environment without the fear of being constantly watched. “– Parth Shah.

Video Tour of the office by BPS Architects

The video was made by an intern who worked with them at the time. The way the video captures the space showcases it’s comforting and calming atmosphere. There is a slowness and routine in the way life happens in the studio, very similar to a family house. The partners speak of family values, along with a parental and friendly relationship with their employees. The architectural details of the house also demonstrate the kind of work that BPS does.

Another aspect of being in a Tier 2 city is the access to space and land. Certain Tier 2 cities allow for a family home typology of office space where the architects can express their design skills to create an intentionally thought of working environment while also conveying directly to the client the kind of work they’ll be doing for them.

Office Plan by BPS Architects

This availability of space also allows for hands-on work to happen – more space means more storage – which means hand drawing and model making can happen more freely. The city in which an office is based in and its subsequent speed settings affect the tools chosen for a design process and thus the organization of space.

Interview with BPS Architects

Prabanjas Architecture

This office space is on the first floor while the ground floor is their family home. This practice majorly comprises drafts-people and not architects. The employees sit in a large room in a typical office fashion, while the principle architect works and designs from their executive cabin. There is a little apartment attached to this floor along with regular office resource rooms like a reception, sitting etc.

Plans made by and sourced from Prabanjas Architects.

Virtual Tour

Photographs provided by Prabanjas Architects


This is the first and only Tier 2 office we visited that were housed in a relatively larger commercial building which they designed themselves. They occupy the top three offices, while the lower floors serve as food and retail spaces owned by their friends. We ran through their plans and a presentation explaining the different spaces and their design philosophy. From the reused shuttering, bamboo scaffolding or the polish containers used as mail boxes, they used every corner of the building to showcase their sustainability values.

Office tour slides by EssTeam

Office space presentation with EssTeam

During the interview they further discussed how important the idea of care was for them and how they saw their practice as a series of cross disciplinary relationships amongst people. Even though the larger team is headed by two partners, you can see the many sub-offices and teams in the team organization chart, each catering to a specific concern. One of the floors thus functions as a large studio housing multiple smaller offices, while the other floor takes up all the conferencing spaces, meeting rooms and cabins for the partners. They further mention how their cabin is more like a chatting room where employees drop by for heart to heart discussions beyond the office work. This is an unspoken yet important aspect of being a partner. The top most floor is a semi open terrace where team meetings and discussions occur along with lunch and office gatherings. This seems to be the heart of the practice.

Office plans from EssTeam

Offices Located in Tier 1:

The remaining 13 offices we interviewed were all located in Tier 1 cities. The 13 offices fall under 5 typological categories.

TYPE 1: Part of an existing building

Sorted Pandit Studio

The partners’ spoke of moving into this office after realizing the first one was not working out. Being a young practice, they started working out of one of the partner’s home-apartment, which soon began to backfire. The homely environment would mean work flow was slower and time experienced too comfortably. This pushed them to rent out a part of a bungalow, the ground floor of which serves as their current office.

Perhaps the most interesting thing about their studio space is their energetic dog. A glance at their Instagram stories will remind one of Yanapada’s work space, a shared table where everyone seems to be interacting and conversing throughout the day. Their office is multidisciplinary with the architecture team being the newest addition. Their team organization involves three partners managing different aspects. The two founding partners sit in their own workspace, while the third partner who oversees the architecture team sits with the rest.

Sketch by Sorted Pandit Studio

The entrance transforms into a makeshift work space often, whenever anyone wants to sit in the outdoors. They talk of their studio space and culture of working as youthful, the space lending itself to hanging out and spending long hours in the studio.

Virtual Tour

Busride Studio

Busride functions as two bodies – the Busride Studio and the Lab. The studio is responsible for all design work – from interiors to architecture. Whereas the Lab serves as a think tank for satire, conjecture and critical thinking. The Studio works across two cities – Mumbai and Goa. The Goa studio was meant to be a more personal working space for partner Ayaz. However the lockdown led to many Mumbai team members to relocating to Goa for a more relaxed and enjoyable workspace. The Goa studio was still under construction when we last spoke to them. The Mumbai studio is located in Ranwar village of Bandra in an old bungalow.

Plans by The Busride

The practice’s way of working is described by the partner as casual, with meetings happening over drinks in between parties. Talking, conversations, brainstorming, active, fast pace, youthful, and quirky – are some of the keywords used to explain their approach.

Interview with Zameer Basrai

TYPE 2: Apartment in a building

Nilay Patalia Architects